LESC Links November 2nd 2010

Phasing Out Use of Force Continuum’s

Listen to this pod cast. Its only about 15 minutes and explains police use of force as it should be, based on the Supreme Courts "Objective Reasonableness Standard and how we make humans make decisions. FLETC has been using the NO FORCE CONTINUUM  in their training for a few years now and I spoke with a graduate of their use of force training yesterday. He said, it made understanding in theory and in application much easier. And it only makes sense! I agree!  It is through observation, orientation, decision and action (The Boyd Cycle) we make these decisions and take actions in handling dynamic encounters. The courts allow us to do so. Why are we depending on policy, procedure and force continuums that only confuse the issue, when the courts are LESS stringent and the decisions being made in rapidly changing circumstances by cops on the street are tough enough already?

I am researching this in more depth for a post on the web-site as well. I want to know your thoughts and your insights, for or against,  that will only help me make the article that much better,  so please sound off here ~Fred


Intersecting Ideas from Cross Disciplines...and Taking Boyd's Theories Beyond

“The future opponent may be as well armed as they are; he will be able to concentrate a numerical superiority against isolated detachments at the time and place he chooses. (United States Marine Corps, 1940)

I had the honor of attending and presenting at last weeks Boyd and Beyond Symposium that took place October 15-16 at Marine Corps Base Quantico. Stan Coerr organized the event and deserves much thanks for his efforts, as in my view it was an outstanding experience with many lessons learned i can use in adapting my workshops and training for law enforcement and security. Here are some of the lessons I learned by attending. My thanks to everyone who attended and presented. I learned  a lot!

How do we prepare for an adversary who is willing to attack and disrupt our response system? How do we develop individuals so they are capable of thinking on their feet and adapting to the actions of an adversary in real time? How do we institutionally develop this same ability so we can handle multiple attacks with multiple assailants? Does it take more than policies and procedures, checklists and canned responses when dealing with complex adaptive systems such as, human beings in conflict?  Just what does it take to actually have superior situational awareness, institutionally and individually and how does the observation, orientation, decision and action cycle get us to a proper orientation so we can all cohesively perform effectively in times of crises? Continue reading


An acronym to help you keep your mental edge MAWOL — pronounced May-Wall — stands for "mentally absent without leave"

Being AWOL in the Army can get you a discharge. Being MAWOL in law enforcement can get you killed. This new acronym was introduced to police trainers by Ron Borsch, manager of Ohio’s SEALE (South East Area Law Enforcement) regional in-service academy during the 2010 ILEETA annual training conference. It’s intended to keep officers from drifting into the dangerous state that’s better known as Condition White. Continue reading


Ariz. beheading raises fears of Mexican drug violence

The gruesome case of a man who was stabbed and beheaded in a suburban Phoenix apartment has police investigating whether the killing is potentially the most extreme example of Mexican drug cartel violence spilling over the border.

Martin Alejandro Cota-Monroy's body was found Oct. 10 in a Chandler apartment — his severed head a couple feet away. One man suspected in the killing has been arrested, and a manhunt is under way for three others. Continue reading


3 deputies shot in Fla. hostage situation

Three deputies were shot during a hostage situation in northern Florida today.

Two of the cops have been released from the hospital with non-life threatening injuries. Another deputy remains in the hospital in critical condition.

The deputies initially responded to a home invasion, according to NWF Daily News, but when they got there they saw that the incident stemmed from a domestic dispute. The man had tried to break into the woman’s home, prompting her to fire several shots. Continue reading


Great Motivation Secrets of Great Leaders

I just finished up a fast read Great Motivation Secrets of Great Leaders by John Baldoni. The book is in my view, outstanding and offers numerous lessons from great leaders on how to motivate and inspire. My thoughts, we in law enforcement could learn much from John’s wisdom.

Baldoni takes into consideration the fact that motivation is an evolutionary process driven by a series of actions that he groups under three headings with sub categories that expand on how each effects motivation and performance.

Energize is what leaders do when they set the right example, communicate clearly, and challenge appropriately.

  • Exemplify
  • Communicate
  • Challenge

Encourage is what leaders do to support the process of motivation through empowerment, coaching and recognition.

  • Empower
  • Coach
  • Recognize

Exhort is how leaders create an experience based upon sacrifice and inspiration that prepares the ground upon which motivation can flourish.

  • Sacrifice
  • Inspire

The book breaks these attributes down and discusses each in detail as it relates to motivation. The lessons learned are from various organizations and their leaders.

Continue reading


Explosives called ‘a credible terrorist threat’

Two packages containing explosives and bound for Jewish synagogues in Chicago were intercepted yesterday, US authorities revealed, setting off a global search for suspicious cargo originating in Yemen, where an offshoot of Al Qaeda has been implicated in a series of terrorist plots. Continue reading


5GW - To Win Without Fighting Is Best

So, here I sit in the Mother of All Fobs in the waning days of our current cycle of involvement in Iraq, having finished each essay, the conclusion, and the source documentation to The Handbook of 5GW. I guess I’m at the point where Daniel H. Abbott, in the conclusion, “5GW Under the Microscope,” writes that those “…who most need to know about 5GW are also those most likely to need to study it on their own.” The entire premise of the ‘Handbook strikes me as sound: namely, that there is such a thing as a fifth gradient of warfare (call it something else, if it pleases you) which targets the observe portion of a target’s Observe-Orient-Decide-Act (OODA) loop. By successfully neutralizing a target’s ability to accurately observe, the 5GW actor, by default, neutralizes the entirety of the remaining loop downstream from the observe portion, rendering it useless. Continue reading 


Enhance Your Training and Effectiveness on the Street

Remember LESC offers workshops that creates and nurtures adaptive leadership and officer performance on the street where the decision are made.  If you want to improve departmental morale, individual and organizational effectiveness in awareness, social skills, interaction and maneuver and decision making, tactics and operational art that help solve complex problems at the moral, mental and physical realms of conflict and violence these workshops are designed to do just that.

Remember for you convenience we bring these cost effective workshops to your department or organization. See the workshop we offer here

The LESC programs of instruction utilize the method of experiential learning to build student experiences using the “recognition primed” decision making process. The program s of instruction consists of four primary pillars and includes the use of: (1) a case study learning method; (2) tactical decision games; (3) free play force on force exercises; and (4) feedback through the leader evaluation system.
The LESC programs of instruction unify the approaches above in accomplishing LESC learning objectives, which include:

  • Improving one’s ability to make decisions quickly and effectively;
  • Making sense of new situations, seeing patterns, and spotting opportunities and options that were not visible before;
  • Becoming more comfortable in a variety of situations;
  • Developing more advanced and ambitious tactics; and
  • Becoming more familiar with weapons capabilities, employment techniques, and other technical details.


LESC WORKSHOP: Officer Created Jeopardy

Officer Created Jeopardy is failure to adapt to changing conditions, due to a false sense of urgency, complacency, emotions, habit, or attributes that stifle insight and innovation. Officer Created Jeopardy stems from lack of knowledge and/or the ability to apply knowledge in a strategic and tactical way to the changing conditions. Considering the factors of Time and Risk! Cops killed in the line of duty unnecessarily or improper use of force utilized are problems stemming form officer created jeopardy. 

Policies and procedures and checklist driven law enforcement organizations are teaching cops what to think, instead of how to think, and this is dangerous. Dangerous in the sense that the types of circumstances cops handle are dynamic, rapidly changing, complex situations that require walking, talking, thinking cops. To be effective on the street, one must be able to process information under pressure quickly and deliberately.

How to apply a strategic and tactical mindset and sound operational art and the training methodology that creates and nurtures this mindset is learned in this workshop.

Continue reading

LESC WORKSHOP: Critical Decision Making…Under Pressure

In Law Enforcement and Security direct experience in handling terrorist acts, ongoing deadly actions and other violent encounters is inherently too limited to form an adequate foundation for theory or for application. At the best it produces an atmosphere that is of value in drying and hardening the structure of thought. The greater value of indirect experience lies in its greater variety and extent. History is universal experience, the experience not of another, but of many others under manifold conditions.

Continue reading

LESC WORKSHOP: Workplace Violence Prevention Adaptive Strategies

Workshop: Workplace Violence Prevention Adaptive Strategies Most of us spend our lives in the solitude of peaceful work and social environments, the way American life should be. Yet every so often someone decides to take out their frustrations on the world and commit an act of violence that appears random and shocking. Our everyday norm puts us in a complacent mindset, unaware of our surroundings and ignoring the signs and signals of danger nearby.

Knowing what to look for and acting on what we see and feel is unusual behavior, that could lead to violence is a critical skill to posses in today’s world—We should not be paranoid about such events; a relaxed state of awareness, adaptability and good sound decision making is the answer to detecting, deterring, disrupting, resolving and preventing violence. Learn the adaptive strategies necessary at this workshop!


To arrange for a workshop or to answer any questions:

Fred T. Leland Jr.
Founder and Principle Trainer
Law Enforcement & Security Consulting
Phone: 508-298-2023